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TransMusi Development, Palembang

Existing means of public transportation in the city of Palembang, city buses and angkot (angkutan kota – city transport, small mini buses used as public transportation) are still less attractive to the public. Several reasons that make public transport less attractive, among others, are the lack of comfort, security
and their unreliability. Therefore, the City Government of Palembang in 2009 initiated the services of Bus Transit -based mass transit called “Trans Musi”. At the beginning of its operation, Trans Musi opened two corridors with 20 buses which were an aid from the Ministry of Transportation and operated by PT Sarana Pembangunan Palembang Jaya (PT. SP2J), with the assistance from the Municipal Office from the Ministry of Transportation (Dishub) in Palembang as the regulator. PT SP2J is the Regional Government-owned enterprise of Palembang City.

        ©Transportation Agency Palembang
Figure 1. Comparison of City Bus (left) and Trans Musi (right)


Until 2012, the Trans Musi had opened six corridors with a fleet of now 120 buses. In 2013, there are plans to open two new corridors, i.e., 7 and 8 (seven and eight) with an addition of 35 buses. To strengthen the supervision and control of bus operations each bus has been equipped with a GPS tracking device. Additionally, in April 2013 the Mayor of Palembang has inaugurated the operation of a water bus which is integrated with the Trans Musi BRT.

Figure 2. Network Map of Trans Musi

At the beginning of its operation Trans Musi tariff was IDR. 3,000/passenger. However, in line with the rising operational costs, PT SP2J has increased the Trans Musi tariff to IDR. 4,500/passenger. Trans Musi has adopted a smart card technology as the payment mode. Since June 2013 it has become mandatory for all passengers to use either of the following as payment mode – (1) Trans Musi smart cards; (2) Flazz BCA; (3) e-money Bank Mandiri; or (4) BNI Prepaid Card.


Figure 3. Graphics of the number of stops and fleet (2009-2012)


To support the development of Trans Musi, GIZ SUTIP provided capacity development support to the operator and the regulator and facilitated assistance from donor agencies (IndII-AusAID) for the construction of the Trans Musi stops. GIZ SUTIP also assisted in developing the Trans Musi network map in collaboration with the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP). GIZ SUTIP provided capacity development assistance by bringing in bus operational experts who provided their inputs on the development strategy of Trans Musi. Additionally, GIZ SUTIP also facilitated the operator and the regulator to conduct a comparative study for other cities, both domestically and internationally. By conducting the comparative study, the operator and the Municipal Office from the Ministry of Transportation (Dishub) in Palembang as the regulator received input for the further development of Trans Musi.

                                                                                    ©Ines/SUTIP
Figure 4. GIZ Expert Frits Olyslagers gave a presentation on Capacity Development of the bus system


Ahmad Tanzil Ramadhani Furqoni
Junior Technical Officer for Palembang 
ahmad.furqoni@giz.de