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Project Description

Background

Studies showed several transport related problems that are common in Indonesian cities, such as deteriorating public transport services, increasing traffic congestion, increasing air and noise pollution from motor vehicles, growing number of traffic accidents, a weak legal framework and low institutional capacities. All this contributes to making Indonesian cities less and less liveable.

 

SUTIP´s Objective

Indonesian cities plan and implement environmentally compatible, energy efficient and climate friendly urban transport schemes with the following indicators: 

  • A national sustainable urban transport policy is adopted.
  • Action plans on sustainable transport development are adopted for at least three cities.  
  • A Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) concept is available for at least two cities.
  • Transport demand management measures are introduced in at least one city.
  • Expert personnel at the Directorate of Transportation, Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS) and in several cities apply in the area of sustainable urban transport knowledge acquired in training sessions.

The project is based on a two-tier approach, to assist the central and local government agencies at the same time. It covers the two components:

  1. Support for the national coordinating body (counterpart agency: Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS)). Also cooperation with other related agencies, mainly MOT, will be continued.
  2. Support to selected city governments

 

Dedication towards Sustainable Urban Mobility

Near-gridlock traffic, the severely endangered public health and a paralyzed economy call for long awaited improvements of the urban mobility set-up, requiring a multi-modal public transport network system plus the supporting facilities for non-motorized mobility: walking and cycling.

Throughout the project, capacity development with the objective to strengthen the capacities of involved decision makers and transport planners will be provided. The project assists in the formulation of instruments for integrated transportation. This will strengthen the partners in their role in guiding, supporting and supervising the cities to develop and implement their own action plans. The second component, dedicating the overwhelming part of the project resources towards work with the selected cities, is to provide direct assistance for city governments. The component is aimed at supporting the city administrations in implementing certain improvement measures that lead to environmental friendly and more energy efficient transport means, also co-benefiting the move towards meeting the climate goals. This will especially benefit the selected cities and pave the way for more liveable surroundings.

Direct support for cities in implementing Sustainable Urban Transportation concepts will include "Municipal Transportation. Development Action Plans". Action Plans identify priority areas in each city, align existing transportation projects within cities and neighboring districts, and they align cities' transport projects with national policy for better coherence. They have measurable impacts for long, medium and short-term measures. The work plans were drawn up with the cities during March 2010 and were revised and updated during February 2013.

 

Results achieved so far 

The implementation phase of SUTIP which is part of the Environment and Climate Change program, started mid 2009. Various documents have been prepared, trainings executed, advice provided on transport legislation and related regulations, and inputs prepared for the National Road Map on CO2 mitigation for the Ministry of Transport. 

Input has been provided for the  Grand Design in Urban Transport  (National Urban Transport Policy), MoT been assisted on System Transit Evaluation. Since February 2013 the main cooperation partner changed to be the Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS) , however support and close cooperation is still being provided to the Ministry of Transportation.

SUTIP contribution in the preparation of RPJMN (National Medium Term Development Plan) for the third period of 2015-2019 in the urban transport sector becoming the first event which RPJMN conatins special topic on urban transport policies. Bappenas' RPJMN specifies the priority on urban transport to address the decline of urban public transport role, encouriging modal shift or private vehicles through Transportation Demand Management 9TDM), scaling uo BRT and MRT roles and improvement accessibilities through pedestrian facilitites (NMT).

A Bappenas series of workshops was held with support from international donors including SUTIP to provide opportunies to convey feedback and provide creative funding for urban transport sector to be improved, optimized and diversifed through rail-based transport modes and river transport.

To encourage the uptake of sustainable transport information, SUTIP has compiled a Sustainable Urban Transport (SUT) guildeline that is distributed as a form of strengthening the human resource capacity in the cities so that more SUT_based urban programs can be development. SUTIP also provides the development of RAD GRK (local mitigation action on green house gasses emission reduction) calculation method and also intensive training to the transport and palnning in the cities level, supporting Bappenas through Directorate of Environment.

Work with the at present 4 partner cities- namely Palembang, Bogor, Solo and Yogyakarta started since 2010 and various trainings, advice on public transport restructuring, PT improvement schemes, TDM measures and NMT development has been provided on a regular and ongoing basis.